24 Jan 2011

EUROVISIONS

Eurovision Song Contest 2011.

Setiap negara anggota menyampaikan sebuah lagu yang akan dityangkan langsung di televisi. kemudian gips suara untuk lagu negara-negara lain untuk menentukan lagu yang paling populer di kompetisi. Kontes telah disiarkan setiap tahun sejak pelantikan pada tahun 1956 dan merupakan salah satu program televisi yang paling lama berjalan di dunia.
Hal ini juga salah satu kegiatan non-olahraga yang paling banyak ditonton di dunia,dengan angka penonton yang tfantastis dalam beberapa tahun terakhir, antara 100 juta dan 600 juta penonton internasional ,Eurovision ini. Juga telah disiarkan di luar Eropa ke negara negara seperti Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Kanada, Chili, Cina, Mesir, India, Jepang, Yordania, Meksiko, Selandia Baru, Filipina, Korea Selatan, Taiwan, Thailand dan Uruguay meskipun fakta bahwa mereka tidak bersaing
Sejak tahun 2000, Kontes juga telah disiarkan melalui Internet, dengan lebih dari 74.000 peserta di hampir 140 negara setelah mengamati secara online edisi 2006

Studi telah dibuat yang menunjukkan blok suara adalah faktor utama, dengan negara-negara tertentu cenderung membentuk "kelompok" atau "klik", kadang-kadang karena berbagi komunitas budaya dan / atau etnis yang sama, dengan sering suara untuk satu sama lain, dan bahwa blok paling tidak pada dua edisi kontes telah krusial mempengaruhi hasil dari kompetisi.
Seniman yang karir internasional secara langsung diluncurkan menjadi sorotan berikut partisipasi dan kemenangan di Eurovision termasuk ABBA, yang memenangkan Lomba Swedia pada tahun 1974 dengan lagu mereka "Waterloo", dan Celine Dion, yang memenangkan Lomba Swiss pada tahun 1988 dengan lagu "Ne partez pas sans moi"

In the 1950s, as a war-torn Europe rebuilt itself, the European Broadcasting Union (EBU)—based in Switzerland—set up an ad-hoc committee to search for ways of bringing together the countries of the EBU around a "light entertainment programme".At a committee meeting held in Monaco in January 1955, director general of Swiss television and committee chairman Marcel Bezençon conceived the idea of an international song contest where countries would participate in one television programme, to be transmitted simultaneously to all countries of the union. The competition was based upon the existing Sanremo Music Festival held in Italy,and was also seen as a technological experiment in live television: as in those days, it was a very ambitious project to join many countries together in a wide-area international network. Satellite television did not exist, and the so-called Eurovision Network comprised a terrestrial microwave network. The concept, then known as "Eurovision Grand Prix", was approved by the EBU General Assembly in at a meeting held in Rome on 19 October 1955 and it was decided that the first contest would take place in spring 1956 in Lugano, Switzerland. The name "Eurovision" was first used in relation to the EBU's network by British journalist George Campey in the London Evening Standard in 1951.

The first Contest was held in the town of Lugano, Switzerland, on 24 May 1956. Seven countries participated—each submitting two songs, for a total of 14. This was the only Contest in which more than one song per country was performed: since 1957 all Contests have allowed one entry per country. The 1956 Contest was won by the host nation, Switzerland.

The programme was first known as the "Eurovision Grand Prix". This "Grand Prix" name was adopted by the Francophone countries, where the Contest became known as "Le Grand-Prix Eurovision de la Chanson Européenne". The "Grand Prix" has since been dropped and replaced with "Concours" (contest) in these countries. The Eurovision Network is used to carry many news and sports programmes internationally, among other specialised events organised by the EBU. However, in the minds of the public, the name "Eurovision" is most closely associated with the Song Contest.

0 komentar:

 
Design by Free WordPress Themes | Bloggerized by Lasantha - Premium Blogger Themes | Best Buy Coupons